Once the triremes were seaworthy, it is argued that they were highly decorated with, « eyes, nameplates, painted figureheads, and various ornaments ». These decorations were used both to show the wealth of the patrician and to make the ship frightening to the enemy.

How hot is Greek fire? The experiment used crude oil mixed with wood resins, and achieved a flame temperature of over 1,000 °C (1,830 °F) and an effective range of up to 15 meters (49 ft).

Consequently, Did the Romans use triremes? Three-banked (« trireme ») Roman quinquereme with the Corvus boarding bridge. The use of the Corvus negated the superior Carthaginian naval expertise, and allowed the Romans to establish their naval superiority in the western Mediterranean.

How did Themistocles trick Xerxes? Themistocles deceived the Persians by offering them what they wanted to hear. But he could not have pulled off the scheme without first learning the Persian way of war – and that required gathering and analyzing human intelligence.


How fast were Ancient Greek ships?

The trireme is said to have been capable of reaching speeds greater than 7 knots (8 miles per hour, or 13 km/hr) and perhaps as high as 9 knots under oars.

Why is Greek fire called Greek fire? More specifically, the term refers to a mixture introduced by the Byzantine Greeks in the 7th century ce. The employment of incendiary materials in war is of ancient origin; many writers of antiquity refer to flaming arrows, firepots, and such substances as pitch, naphtha, sulfur, and charcoal.

Is Greek fire a real thing? Greek fire was a weapon used by the Byzantine Empire in naval warfare. It was effective as it continued to burn on water. Greek fire was introduced in 672 AD in the reign of Emperor Constantine Pogonatus, the inventor being an architect called Callinicus of Heliopolis.

Can Greek fire be put out? Greek fire was a flaming mixture fired from the ships of the Byzantine empire from the 7th century. The fire would cling to flesh and was impossible to extinguish with water. This deadly concoction was created by a family of chemists and engineers from Constantinople, and the secret recipe died with them.

How did ancient navies fight?

The traditional naval tactic of ramming wasn’t abandoned, but the Roman ships were fitted with a corvus to accommodate their strengths in land combat. This movable boarding bridge enabled the Romans to transform naval combat from ramming and sinking to boarding with marines through capturing and plundering the vessels.

Did the Roman navy wear blue? The proof that the soldiers were serving in various colors of tunics is a fresco from one of the houses in Pompeii. … When it comes to Roman soldiers and rowers serving in the sea fleet, we know that they had blue tunics thanks to a Vegetius (writer from the 4th century CE).

Did Viking ships have cannons?

Ships were being built with multiple decks, which needed a heavy frame anyway to carry the cargo – or the new-fangled cannon that warships were starting to mount. The world was changing, and the heavy framed carvel boat was the one that survived that change.

Did the Spartans fight at Salamis? In the resulting Battle of Thermopylae, the rearguard of the Greek force was annihilated, while in the Battle of Artemisium the Greeks suffered heavy losses and retreated after the loss at Thermopylae.

Battle of Salamis.

Date 26 or 27 September, 480 BC
Territorial changes Persia fails to conquer the Peloponnese

Why did the Battle of Thermopylae become legendary?

Unlike other battles, however, it was not a victory for the Greeks, but a defeat. Its fame is derived from being one of the most courageous last stands by the vastly outnumbered defending army of Greek city states led by King Leonidas of Sparta against the invading Persians under King Xerxes.

Did Xerxes sack Athens?

Modern scholars estimate that Xerxes I crossed the Hellespont with approximately 360,000 soldiers and a navy of 700 to 800 ships, reaching Greece in 480 BCE. He defeated the Spartans at Thermopylae, conquered Attica, and sacked Athens.

Was the Trojan horse? The story of the Trojan Horse is well-known. First mentioned in the Odyssey, it describes how Greek soldiers were able to take the city of Troy after a fruitless ten-year siege by hiding in a giant horse supposedly left as an offering to the goddess Athena.

What did Xerxes do to Athens? Modern scholars estimate that Xerxes I crossed the Hellespont with approximately 360,000 soldiers and a navy of 700 to 800 ships, reaching Greece in 480 BCE. He defeated the Spartans at Thermopylae, conquered Attica, and sacked Athens.

Why do Ancient Greek ships have eyes?

Evidence for the function of ship eyes in Greek literature shows that the eyes of ships primarily served to mark the presence of a supernatural consciousness that guided the ship and helped it to avoid hazards.

How long did Greek fire burn? Greek Fire was an ancient superweapon devised, and used to great effect, by the Byzantine Empire. Its exact recipe was a jealously guarded secret that has now been lost to the ages. Greek Fire would become the most potent weapon of Christendom for over 700 years.

Can Greek fire burn underwater?

Both Greek fire and the Archimedes death ray were incendiary devices. According to the ancient accounts, Greek fire, developed in 672, was a substance that was easily ignited. Once lit, it burned extremely hot and could even stay burning under water.

What Colour is Greek fire? Greek fire is described as a swirling green liquid that explodes if dropped on the ground.

Did ancient India have a navy?

The navy in ancient India carried out three roles: it was used to transport troops to distant battlefields, participate in actual warfare, and was primarily meant for protecting the kingdom’s trade on sea and navigable rivers and the maritime trade routes.

Who won the war at sea? Britain ultimately won the war at sea through two strategies that had little in common with full-scale battles such as Jutland: the trade blockade and the convoy system. Britain used its naval dominance to shut off German access to the North Sea.

Who built first navy in India?

Shivaji was a great warrior and strategist of India. In 1674, he laid the foundation of the Maratha Empire in Western India. He is also known as the Father of Indian Navy. Shivaji demonstrated great skill in creating his military organisation .


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